There has been a lot of excitement around the benefits of Hemp Oil. These discussions are often centered around Cannabinoids and THC content, but one word that is often used when describing a Hemp Oil product is Terpenes. Questions that often arise:
- What are terpenes and how important are they?
- How Many Types of Terpenes Exist?
- Are terpenes a necessary ingredient of quality Hemp Oil?
- Can terpenes work together to provide specific benefits?
Let’s see if we can answer these questions and better understand the importance of Terpenes.
What are Terpenes, and What Do They Do?
You may not know what Terpenes are but they’ve always been a part of your environment. In fact, you have been consuming them your whole life. Terpenes are the fragrant essential oils found in flowers, plants, and fruits. Every time you squeeze a Lemon, are rejuvenated by the fresh scent of an Orange or take a whiff of your morning Coffee brewing you are enjoying terpenes.
There are thousands of terpenes surrounding you in the world every day and the cannabis plant is known to contain more than 100 of them. Terpenes have been studied for some time and scientists believe that there are therapeutic benefits of various Terpene combinations. This is why some manufacturers of Hemp Oil will go through additional steps to isolate and blend these aromatic compounds into their products.
Why Terpenes Are Important To Hemp Oil Products
The terpene profile of a strain is responsible for the particular aroma it will have, for instance, some strains will have a citrusy or earthy aroma. These scents are directly determined by the terpene profile of the plant. Terpenes also impact the flavor of the end product, making consumption more enjoyable.
Recent studies have uncovered a synergy between certain terpenes and the intensity of the reaction they will produce after ingestion. This synergy is commonly referred to as the entourage effect and can help cannabinoids find their way into the bloodstream quicker and more effectively. Some terpenes interact with the endocannabinoid system by binding to the body’s CB2 receptors and increasing the benefits experienced by the end-user.
Hemp Oil Strains Contain Different Types of Terpenes
Over 20,000 different terpenes are known to exist and the cannabis plant contains more than 100 of these in various combinations and potencies. Many of the terpenes found in the Hemp Plant can be found in other places in nature but the concentrations may not be as high.
These are the most common Terpenes to be aware of:
The most common terpene found in the cannabis plant and considered to be one of the most important. It is responsible for the familiar scent that the cannabis flower produces and is a precursor for many of the other terpenes found in the plant. Myrcene can help reduce inflammation and ease chronic pain.
Studies suggest Myrcene can improve sleep by helping you achieve relaxation and promoting a restful state. It is also known to have antimutagenic properties that help prevent cells from mutating.
Produced by the flower’s resin glands Limonene is very aromatic and directly stimulates the olfactory senses. Commonly associated with citrus fruits such as Lemons, Oranges, and Grapefruit providing each with their familiar scents. Limonene has many uses in cosmetics and may even be found in your favorite cleaning products.
- Relieving stress.
- Elevating Mood.
- Heartburn and Gastric Reflux relief.
It is not entirely clear how Limonene achieves these therapeutic benefits but we do know that inhaling this terpene can increase serotonin and dopamine levels in their of the brain associated with Anxiety.
- Feelings of Alertness
- Improve respiration
- Anti-viral agent
If you have ever enjoyed the relaxing scent of Lavender then you’ve experienced Linalool. This terpene is known for its soothing and calming effects but it also has anti-microbial properties as well. It can relieve the stress experienced during a hectic day and help soothe anxiety by blocking glutamate receptors which are partially responsible for excitation.
Scents of black pepper and cinnamon are prevalent with this terpene and it is present in many herbs and spices including oregano and basil. It is the only terpene that can activate the endocannabinoid system by binding to the body’s CB2 receptors providing similar inflammatory benefits as cannabis. Caryophyllene can provide relief for pain, anxiety, and inflammation. Caryophyllene is known to help provide pain relief and can help prevent seizures.
What Does Full Spectrum Mean?
A full spectrum product refers to a cannabis concentrate that preserves the full cannabinoid and terpene contents of the raw cannabis plant. The purpose of a full-spectrum extract is to maintain the diverse compounds found in the cannabis plant intact, without altering them through decarboxylation or oxidation. This helps to maximize the synergies created between the different terpenes within the plant.
The Cannabis plant in its raw form has unique cannabinoid and terpene profiles that in combination with other compounds can create unique therapeutic effects. A full-spectrum extract is a type concentrate that provides all the therapeutic compounds of the raw cannabis plant which is then distilled capturing all the available compounds from the trichome glands removing any unwanted by-products and terpenes such as THC.
The Entourage Effect
Terpenes coordinate together to make the benefits of hemp oil more accessible to the body after ingestion. This is called the Entourage Effect and is the main reason that terpenes are a desired ingredient for any CBD product you may purchase.
For example, Linalool has a Lavender and Citrus scent that is known to create a relaxing effect and works along with CBD amplifying its calming properties. Many terpene profiles can increase or decrease many desired properties providing physiological and cerebral effects. Each profile can provide relief for specific ailments, for example, Linalool, Myrcene, and Pinene work together to improve brain function.
How Do We Verify Purity and Content?
Terpene profiles are an important part of any Hemp Oil product and can help provide the specific benefits that you may want to achieve but how do we know what’s in the bottle or jar?
As a rule of thumb always look at the most recent lab results for a product. If labs are not made available for a particular product you are interested in it is advised to keep searching.
Labs provide you with important information that certifies not only the purity of the product but will also provide information about the strain and growing method used to produce the plant as well as the method used to extract the desired terpenes.
Serenity Potions only offers products whose manufacturers make Lab results available. CBD Lab results will include the potency and terpene profile analysis providing you with a high-quality product and a level of potency you can rely on.